Pow Wow in Baraga

Last weekend the people of the the Keweenaw Ojibwa Community came together for the thirtieth  Annual Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Pow-wow.

Pow Wow time is the Native American people’s way of meeting together, to join in dancing, singing, visiting, renewing old friendships and make new ones.

This is a time to renew thought of the old ways and to preserve a rich heritage.

There are several different stories of how the Pow Wow was started. Some believe that the war dance societies of the Ponca and other Southern Plains tribes were the origin of the Pow Wow.

Another belief is that when the Native Americans were forced onto reservations the government also forced them to have dances for the public to come and see. Before each dance they were lead through the town in a parade, which is the beginning of the Grand Entry.

Pow Wow singers are very important figures in the Native American culture. Without them there would be no dancing. The songs are of many varieties, from religious to war to social.
As various tribes gathered together, they would share their songs, often changing the songs so singers of different tribes could join. With these changes came the use of “vocables” to replace the words of the old songs. Thus, some songs today are sung in vocables with no words.

Yet they still hold special meaning to those who know the song. Many songs are still sung in native tongue either newly composed or revivals of old songs. These songs are reminders to the Indian people of their old ways and rich heritage.
Dancers have always been a very important part of the life of the American Indian. Most dances seen at Pow Wows today are social dances which might have had different meanings in earlier days. Although dance styles and content have changed, their meaning and importance has not. The "Regalia" worn by the dancers, like the styles of clothing today evolve over time, it is not a stagnant culture, but a vibrant and changing way of life.
The Pow Wow begins by the Grand Entry. This is the entry of all the people entering the arena. This originally was a parade through the town the Pow Wow was in. Even today in some Pow Wows, these parades are still held. During the Grand Entry, everyone is asked to stand as the flags are brought into the arena. The flags carried generally include the US flag, tribal flags, POW flag, and eagle staffs of various tribes present. These are usually carried by veterans. Native Americans hold the United States flag in an honored position despite the horrible treatment received from this country. The flag has a dual meaning. First it is a way to remember all of the ancestors that fought against this country. It is also the symbol of the United States which Native Americans are now a part. The flag here also reminds people of those people who have fought for this country

In addition to the flags  mentioned previously, The veterans of the KIIC pictured below carried the flag of each of our armed services.
Following the veterans are other important guests of the Pow Wow including tribal chiefs, Princesses, elders, and Pow Wow organizers. Next in line are the men dancers. The men are followed by the women dancers. Once everyone is in the arena, the song ends and a song is sung to honor the flag and the veterans.
Elder pictured above is 93 years old. She was the first to enter the circle after the veterans. There were 203 people participating in the "Grand Entry" the Ojibwa Pow-wow
After a prayer, the dancing resumes, usually with a few Round Dances. After the Round Dances, intertribal dancing songs are sung and everyone dances to the beat of the drum.
I tried many times to get a photo of the young man pictured above that would reveal the enthusiasm of his dance. In every instance he danced with a great feeling that could be felt by others, but could not be captured by a camera.
The magnificent clothing worn at the pow-wow is called "Regalia" from the latin word "regal" meaning magnificent attire. I can't think of a word that more aptly describes this attire.
The attire adorned with the many small bells is worn by dancers called "Jingle Dancers"
(above) Friends, Gus Limbo (Spirit Bear) , Carol (Morning Star) and Mike
Gus' Mother is the 93 year old lady picture earlier her name was also Morning Star.

Gus wears a sash adorned with medals and badges. One side of the sash has medals and badges given to Gus by fellow veterans for carrying the POW flag to the U.P.  all the way from Ohio.

(below) vendors and food were plentiful

The pow-wow was held at the Ojibwa Campground on Keweenaw Bay in Baraga
Pow Wows are organized by committees that work for weeks before the event.At the Pow Wow, the MC runs the events. The MC works with the Arena Director to keep the Pow Wow organized and running smoothly. These two individuals along with the committee work hard to bring the people together to dance and fellowship together in the circle.